Bat Kol & the Sabbath

 

Sabbath was given to everyone in the creation:

“Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all their array. And on the seventh day God finished the work that he had done, and God rested on the seventh day from all the work that he had done. So God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it, because on it God rested from all the work that he had done in creation” (Gen. 2:1-3).

Sabbath is associated with the redemption from Egypt:

“Observe the day of Sabbath, by hallowing it, as YHWH your God has commanded you. For six days you are to serve and to do all your work; but the seventh day (is) Sabbath for YHWH your God-you are not to do any work: (not) you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your servant, nor your maid, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your animals, nor your sojourner that is in your gates- in order that your servant and your maid may rest as one-like-yourself. You are to bear-in-mind that servants were you in the land of Egypt, but YHWH your God took you out from there with a strong hand and with an outstretched arm; therefore YHWH your God commands you to observe the day of Sabbath” (Deut. 5:12-15).

Sabbath anticipates the world to come:

“If you call the Sabbath a delight; If you refrain from trampling the Sabbath,from pursuing your own interests on my holy day; if you call the Sabbath a delight and the holy day of YHWH honorable;if you honor it, not going your own ways, serving your own interests, or pursuing your own affairs; then you shall take delight in YHWH, and I will make you ride upon the heights of the earth; I will feed you with the heritage of your ancestor Jacob, for the mouth of YHWH has spoken” (Isaiah 58:13-14).